Giloy And Its benefits

Giloy is a very versatile herb that can treat most of your health problems. Giloy can be used with castor oil to relieve gout. Not just gout, giloy with ginger can treat rheumatoid arthritis too. Arthritis is treated with giloy and ghee. Giloy is used with sugar to treat skin and liver diseases. It is also used with jaggery to treat constipation. Apart from these health benefits, giloy also boosts immunity and digestion, treats chronic fever, is effective against diabetes and cab treat eye disorders. In case of asthma, giloy can reduce its symptoms.

Benefits of Giloy And Its Side Effects


Giloy is a herb that is important in Ayurveda and is considered the queen of herbs. It has been used in Ayurveda since centuries to treat various diseases. There are few illnesses that giloy can’t cure. Giloy has often been called ‘Amruta’ – the Sanskrit term for nectar. Botanically, giloy is a deciduous creeper shrub that grows in tropical regions.

Nutritional Value of Giloy

The ability of giloy to treat a myriad of diseases says that it is high in nutritional content. It is abundant in alkaloids. Other bio-chemical substances found in giloy are steroids, flavonoids, lignants, carbohydrates and so on. Due to its high nutrient content, giloy is used to manufacture many herbal, ayurvedic and modern medicines.

Health Benefits of Giloy

Mentioned below are the best health benefits of Giloy
Health Benefits of Giloy

Boosts immunity

Boosting immunity is the first and the most important benefit of giloy. It can rejuvenate the body too. Giloy contains anti-oxidant properties that improve health and fight dangerous diseases. It also flushes out free radicals and removes toxins from both the liver and the kidneys to improve health. In addition to all this giloy even fights bacteria that causes diseases in our body. It combats liver diseases and urinary tract infections.

Treats chronic fever

Giloy treats chronic fever and diseases. As it is anti-pyretic in nature, it can reduce signs and symptoms of several life-threatening conditions. It increase the count of your blood platelets and alleviates symptoms of dengue fever as well. Giloy combined with little bit of honey treats malaria.

Boosts digestion

Indigestion is a common problem. Giloy can take care of the digestive system. Consuming half a gram of giloy powder with amla regularly can keep all digestive problems at bay. Having giloy juice with buttermilk will also be effective in this case. This remedy can also be used by patients suffering from piles.

Treats diabetes

India is the diabetes capital of the world with many people suffering from this common lifestyle disease .Giloy acts as a hypoglycaemic agent so it will be effective for diabetic patients. It can lower the levels of blood sugar and lipids. This makes it very easy to treat type 2 diabetes. Patients with type 2 diabetes can consume giloy juice to in order to reduce high levels of blood sugar.

Treats Asthma

Asthma is one of the most dangerous diseases to afflict human beings. The symptoms are varied ranging from chest tightness to wheezing. What more, it is difficult to treat asthma. Giloy is useful against asthma and has been used by experts to treat asthma patients.

Treats gouty arthritis

Arthritis is a major ailment. Not only is it painful but it also restricts movement. Giloy contains anti-inflammatory as well as anti-arthritic properties that take care of arthritis and several of its symptoms, including joint pains.

Treats eye disorders

Eyes are one of the most important parts of our body. Giloy can be used to treat eye disorders. It boost clarity and helps you see better without spectacles. In some parts of India, people apply giloy on the eye lids regularly. Boil some giloy in water, let it cool and apply it on your eyelids .You will definitely see a change.

Reduces anxiety and improves mental strength

Giloy is often combined with other herbs to make an excellent health tonic. It not only clears brain toxins but also boosts memory. It also helps you improve your attention span. In this fast paced world where cut-throat competition is the norm, mental stress and anxiety is common. Giloy can reduce both mental stress and anxiety.

Giloy is an aphrodisiac

Giloy has the ability to improve your sex life. Giloy contains properties that boosts libido which affect your sexual relations.

Contains anti-ageing properties

Giloy can be used to treat signs of aging. It contains anti-aging properties that reduce dark spots, pimpleswrinkles and fine lines. It keeps your skin bright, young and beautiful.

Uses of Giloy

There are no alternative uses of giloy. The nutritional content of giloy is very high so it has been an integral and extensive part of medicine since ancient times. There is only one possible alternative use of giloy that is as a decorative plant to elevate aesthetic appeal. Giloy is a creeper so you can let it grow on at the side of your house as a decoration. You need to trim the creeper regularly to keep it in shape.

Side-Effects & Allergies of Giloy

Despite its many benefits, giloy is not devoid of side-effects. Consuming giloy causes constipation and stomach irritation. These side effects will occur irrespective of what form of giloy you consume – juice or supplement capsule. Giloy can also lower blood sugar levels. Diabetic patients should be cautious while consuming giloy. Giloy may also over-stimulate the immune system and make it over-active. When this happens, symptoms of diseases like lupusmultiple sclerosis and rheumatoid arthritis increases. It is best to avoid giloy if you suffer from any of these diseases.

Cultivation of Giloy

Giloy is a medicinal herb that has been used in Indian Ayurvedic medicine since ancient times. It features extensively in Ayurveda for the treatment of various diseases. It is a creeper that grows in tropical climates.

Bottled water-It’s high time we bid good bye………………………………….

Gone are the days of drinking boiled and cooled water. What with life being stressful and chaotic with no time to devote to quality and healthy lifestyles, added work pressure, home and children to look after, more and more families resort to using bottled water to save time and fuel.

Not only is bottled water harmful to health, but it also is destructive to the environment. Over sixty seven million water bottles are discarded each day out of which only a mere ten percent is recycled. Recycling of water bottles is not good always since it is labor intensive, costly and only burns natural resources.

Dangers of bottled water

Avoid drinking bottled water

A lot of fuel is expended too when these bottles of water are transported each day to super markets, homes and office premises. What the majority of us fail to realize is that, the bottled water is nothing more than just plain tap water. Hence, when we drink out of bottled water, we are ingesting ourselves into even more chemicals from these plastic bottles. The best container to drink out of is glass and when we choose water stored in plastic bottles, we are in fact ingesting these chemicals into our bodies- BPA or bisphenol is an estrogen mimicking chemical. It brings about health disorders like learning and behavioral problems, altered immune system function, fertility problems, and brings on early onset of puberty in girls,  decreased sperm count, prostatic and breast cancer, diabetesand obesity are other disorders brought about by drinking from plastic bottles.

If you are a young mother or if you happen to be pregnant, your child can be even more at risk. Do not feed your baby from plastic bottles, rather, switch to glass bottles.

Yet another chemical that is present in plastic bottles is the phthalates. These are endocrine disrupting in nature and are linked to a wide range of developmental and reproductive side effects such as reduced sperm count, testicular atrophy and liver cancer.

Apart from the chemicals that these bottles are made of, when we drink bottled water, we expose ourselves further to dangerous substances like fluoride, chlorine, arsenic, aluminium and so on, which are basically poisonous contaminants of water.

Several drugs are mixed together in the drinking water sold in bottles. Some can be allergic to drugs and it needs pondering on, to analyze whether the allergic symptoms you have been exhibiting are due to ingestion of small doses of these drugs.

Bottled drinking water is even more harmful when left strapped to your bike or car, or left exposed to hot sun. Ultra violet rays from the sun speeds up leaching of the plastic chemicals into the bottled water. Yet another toxin by the name dioxin is also released to the water when left in the sun. This dioxin accelerates breast cancer.

When on the move, take boiled and filtered water in glass or steel bottles or containers to minimize health hazards. Instead of vitamins and minerals being added to bottled water, it contains high fructose corn syrup, food dyes that can play havoc with your emotional and physical health.

Home water delivery of drinking water poses more risks than the smaller pint or quart water bottles. The home delivery bottles are made of denser plastic and they are reused multiple times. Silvery white metal antimony has been discovered in many branded bottles of water. The longer the bottle of water remains on the shelf of a super market, chances of antimony being leached into the water is greater. Studies over the past several years have revealed that bottled water contains arsenic, bromate, cleaning compounds, mold and bacteria.

It’s a gross misconception to assume that bottled water is cleaner and healthier. Even though all manufacturers of bottled water swear by the purity of their water, contrary is the case. The plastic material used is the PET or poly ethylene teraphthalate which is extracted from virgin petroleum. The chemical leaches into the water when the bottle becomes warm. The phthalates are known for disrupting endocrine functions and can harm both humans and animals.

Disposing of these bottles also poses a serious environmental hazard. While manufacturing these bottles, toxic emissions are emanated that are drastic in effect. While disposing of these, it clogs and clutters up beaches, roadsides, empty lots and land fills. These mounds of plastic accumulate for years without decomposing but strangling our planet earth.

To avoid a toxin over dose, educate yourself on the plastic used by manufacturers to bottle water. A glance at the bottom of the bottle can tell you what kind of plastic is being used. There is a resin code at the bottom of each bottle.

PET is the kind of plastic mostly used to bottle single-serve water. It is safe for single use but refilling increases the risk of chemicals leaching into the water.

HDPE is high density polyethylene and is used for making gallon jugs. This is not linked to any kind of leaching.

Polypropylene can be easily molded which means that it is made with fewer chemicals and does not promote leaching. Your best solution is to filter your own water. Be economical and environmental friendly and install a water filter cum purifier at home. The best water that can be drunk is clear spring water or water that has been filtered by reversed osmosis. Avoid bottled water in plastic such as polyvinyl chloride (PVC) and polystyrene.

As we struggle to minimize consumption of fossil fuels, bottled water increases this trend.  Since virgin petroleum is used to make these plastic bottles, the more bottles we use, the more of virgin petroleum is needed to crate fresh bottles. As a result, more fossil fuel is burned to fill bottles and distribute them. A study reveals the following astounding facts- it requires 273 billion liters of water to make empty bottles. Treating and filtering tap water for bottling paves way for even more waste. For every liter of water you see on the shelves, it takes two liters of water to make it. And only half of the bottles are ever recycled and they end up as waste, clogging the earth.

It’s high time we bid good bye to bottled water.


तिल का तेल … पृथ्वी का अमृत*
अपने पुरखे कितने वैज्ञानिक थे खान पान और हम कितने अवैज्ञानिक कि जो tv पर ऐड देख कर अंधे हो जाते है ।

यदि इस पृथ्वी पर उपलब्ध सर्वोत्तम खाद्य पदार्थों की बात की जाए तो तिल के तेल का नाम अवश्य आएगा और यही सर्वोत्तम पदार्थ बाजार में उपलब्ध नहीं है. और ना ही आने वाली पीढ़ियों को इसके गुण पता हैं.

🔹 क्योंकि नई पीढ़ी तो टी वी के इश्तिहार देख कर ही सारा सामान ख़रीदती है.
और तिल के तेल का प्रचार कंपनियाँ इसलिए नहीं करती क्योंकि इसके गुण जान लेने के बाद आप उन द्वारा बेचा जाने वाला तरल चिकना पदार्थ जिसे वह तेल कहते हैं लेना बंद कर देंगे.

🔹तिल के तेल में इतनी ताकत होती है कि यह पत्थर को भी चीर देता है. प्रयोग करके देखें…. 
🔹आप पर्वत का पत्थर लिजिए और उसमे कटोरी के जैसा खडडा बना लिजिए, उसमे पानी, दुध, धी या तेजाब संसार में कोई सा भी कैमिकल, ऐसिड डाल दीजिए, पत्थर में वैसा की वैसा ही रहेगा, कही नहीं जायेगा… 
🔹लेकिन… अगर आप ने उस कटोरी नुमा पत्थर में तिल का तेल डाल दीजिए, उस खड्डे में भर दिजिये.. 2 दिन बाद आप देखेंगे कि, तिल का तेल… पत्थर के अन्दर भी प्रवेश करके, पत्थर के नीचे आ जायेगा. यह होती है तेल की ताकत, इस तेल की मालिश करने से हड्डियों को पार करता हुआ, हड्डियों को मजबूती प्रदान करता है.

🔹 तिल के तेल के अन्दर फास्फोरस होता है जो कि हड्डियों की मजबूती का अहम भूमिका अदा करता है.

🔹और तिल का तेल ऐसी वस्तु है जो अगर कोई भी भारतीय चाहे तो थोड़ी सी मेहनत के बाद आसानी से प्राप्त कर सकता है. तब उसे किसी भी कंपनी का तेल खरीदने की आवश्यकता ही नही होगी.

🔹तिल खरीद लीजिए और किसी भी तेल निकालने वाले से उनका तेल निकलवा लीजिए. लेकिन सावधान तिल का तेल सिर्फ कच्ची घाणी (लकडी की बनी हुई) का ही प्रयोग करना चाहिए. 
🔷तैल शब्द की व्युत्पत्ति तिल शब्द से ही हुई है। जो तिल से निकलता वह है तैल। अर्थात तेल का असली अर्थ ही है “तिल का तेल”.
🔹तिल के तेल का सबसे बड़ा गुण यह है की यह शरीर के लिए आयुषधि का काम करता है.. चाहे आपको कोई भी रोग हो यह उससे लड़ने की क्षमता शरीर में विकसित करना आरंभ कर देता है. यह गुण इस पृथ्वी के अन्य किसी खाद्य पदार्थ में नहीं पाया जाता.
🔹सौ ग्राम सफेद तिल 1000 मिलीग्राम कैल्शियम प्राप्त होता हैं। बादाम की अपेक्षा तिल में छः गुना से भी अधिक कैल्शियम है।
काले और लाल तिल में लौह तत्वों की भरपूर मात्रा होती है जो रक्तअल्पता के इलाज़ में कारगर साबित होती है।
🔷तिल में उपस्थित लेसिथिन नामक रसायन कोलेस्ट्रोल के बहाव को रक्त नलिकाओं में बनाए रखने में मददगार होता है।
तिल के तेल में प्राकृतिक रूप में उपस्थित सिस्मोल एक ऐसा एंटी-ऑक्सीडेंट है जो इसे ऊँचे तापमान पर भी बहुत जल्दी खराब नहीं होने देता। आयुर्वेद चरक संहित में इसे पकाने के लिए सबसे अच्छा तेल माना गया है।

🔷तिल में विटामिन सी छोड़कर वे सभी आवश्यक पौष्टिक पदार्थ होते हैं जो अच्छे स्वास्थ्य के लिए अत्यंत आवश्यक होते हैं। तिल विटामिन बी और आवश्यक फैटी एसिड्स से भरपूर है।
इसमें मीथोनाइन और ट्रायप्टोफन नामक दो बहुत महत्त्वपूर्ण एमिनो एसिड्स होते हैं जो चना, मूँगफली, राजमा, चौला और सोयाबीन जैसे अधिकांश शाकाहारी खाद्य पदार्थों में नहीं होते।

🔹ट्रायोप्टोफन को शांति प्रदान करने वाला तत्व भी कहा जाता है जो गहरी नींद लाने में सक्षम है। यही त्वचा और बालों को भी स्वस्थ रखता है। मीथोनाइन लीवर को दुरुस्त रखता है और कॉलेस्ट्रोल को भी नियंत्रित रखता है।

🔷तिलबीज स्वास्थ्यवर्द्धक वसा का बड़ा स्त्रोत है जो चयापचय को बढ़ाता है।
यह कब्ज भी नहीं होने देता।
तिलबीजों में उपस्थित पौष्टिक तत्व,जैसे-कैल्शियम और आयरन त्वचा को कांतिमय बनाए रखते हैं।

🔷तिल में न्यूनतम सैचुरेटेड फैट होते हैं इसलिए इससे बने खाद्य पदार्थ उच्च रक्तचाप को कम करने में मदद कर सकता है।
सीधा अर्थ यह है की यदि आप नियमित रूप से स्वयं द्वारा निकलवाए हुए शुद्ध तिल के तेल का सेवन करते हैं तो आप के बीमार होने की संभावना ही ना के बराबर रह जाएगी.

🔹 जब शरीर बीमार ही नही होगा तो उपचार की भी आवश्यकता नही होगी. यही तो आयुर्वेद है.. आयुर्वेद का मूल सीधांत यही है की उचित आहार विहार से ही शरीर को स्वस्थ रखिए ताकि शरीर को आयुषधि की आवश्यकता ही ना पड़े.

🔹एक बात का ध्यान अवश्य रखिएगा की बाजार में कुछ लोग तिल के तेल के नाम पर अन्य कोई तेल बेच रहे हैं.. जिसकी पहचान करना मुश्किल होगा. ऐसे में अपने सामने निकाले हुए तेल का ही भरोसा करें. यह काम थोड़ा सा मुश्किल ज़रूर है किंतु पहली बार की मेहनत के प्रयास स्वरूप यह शुद्ध तेल आपकी पहुँच में हो जाएगा. जब चाहें जाएँ और तेल निकलवा कर ले आएँ.

🔷तिल में मोनो-सैचुरेटेड फैटी एसिड (mono-unsaturated fatty acid) होता है जो शरीर से बैड कोलेस्ट्रोल को कम करके गुड कोलेस्ट्रोल यानि एच.डी.एल. (HDL) को बढ़ाने में मदद करता है। यह हृदय रोग, दिल का दौरा और धमनीकलाकाठिन्य (atherosclerosis) के संभावना को कम करता है।
कैंसर से सुरक्षा प्रदान करता है-
तिल में सेसमीन (sesamin) नाम का एन्टीऑक्सिडेंट (antioxidant) होता है जो कैंसर के कोशिकाओं को बढ़ने से रोकने के साथ-साथ है और उसके जीवित रहने वाले रसायन के उत्पादन को भी रोकने में मदद करता है।

🔹 यह फेफड़ों का कैंसर, पेट के कैंसर, ल्यूकेमिया, प्रोस्टेट कैंसर, स्तन कैंसर और अग्नाशय के कैंसर के प्रभाव को कम करने में बहुत मदद करता है।
तनाव को कम करता है-

🔹इसमें नियासिन (niacin) नाम का विटामिन होता है जो तनाव और अवसाद को कम करने में मदद करता है।
हृदय के मांसपेशियों को स्वस्थ रखने में मदद करता है-

🔹तिल में ज़रूरी मिनरल जैसे कैल्सियम, आयरन, मैग्नेशियम, जिन्क, और सेलेनियम होता है जो हृदय के मांसपेशियों को सुचारू रूप से काम करने में मदद करता है और हृदय को नियमित अंतराल में धड़कने में मदद करता है।

🔹शिशु के हड्डियों को मजबूती प्रदान करता है-
तिल में डायटरी प्रोटीन और एमिनो एसिड होता है जो बच्चों के हड्डियों के विकसित होने में और मजबूती प्रदान करने में मदद करता है।

🔹उदाहरणस्वरूप 100ग्राम तिल में लगभग 18 ग्राम प्रोटीन होता है, जो बच्चों के विकास के लिए बहुत ज़रूरी होता है।
गर्भवती महिला और भ्रूण (foetus) को स्वस्थ रखने में मदद करता है-

🔹तिल में फोलिक एसिड होता है जो गर्भवती महिला और भ्रूण के विकास और स्वस्थ रखने में मदद करता है।

🔹शिशुओं के लिए तेल मालिश के रूप में काम करता है-

🔹अध्ययन के अनुसार तिल के तेल से शिशुओं को मालिश करने पर उनकी मांसपेशियाँ सख्त होती है साथ ही उनका अच्छा विकास होता है।

🔹 आयुर्वेद के अनुसार इस तेल से मालिश करने पर शिशु आराम से सोते हैं।
अस्थि-सुषिरता (osteoporosis) से लड़ने में मदद करता है-

🔹तिल में जिन्क और कैल्सियम होता है जो अस्थि-सुषिरता से संभावना को कम करने में मदद करता है।

🔹मधुमेह के दवाईयों को प्रभावकारी बनाता है-

🔹डिपार्टमेंट ऑफ बायोथेक्सनॉलॉजी विनायक मिशन यूनवर्सिटी, तमिलनाडु (Department of Biothechnology at the Vinayaka Missions University, Tamil Nadu) के अध्ययन के अनुसार यह उच्च रक्तचाप को कम करने के साथ-साथ इसका एन्टी ग्लिसेमिक प्रभाव रक्त में ग्लूकोज़ के स्तर को 36% कम करने में मदद करता है जब यह मधुमेह विरोधी दवा ग्लिबेक्लेमाइड (glibenclamide) से मिलकर काम करता है। इसलिए टाइप-2 मधुमेह (type 2 diabetic) रोगी के लिए यह मददगार साबित होता है।

🔹दूध के तुलना में तिल में तीन गुना कैल्शियम रहता है। इसमें कैल्शियम, विटामिन बी और ई, आयरन और ज़िंक, प्रोटीन की भरपूर मात्रा रहती है और कोलेस्टरोल बिल्कुल नहीं रहता है।

🔹तिल का तेल ऐसा तेल है, जो सालों तक खराब नहीं होता है, यहाँ तक कि गर्मी के दिनों में भी वैसा की वैसा ही रहता है. 
तिल का तेल कोई साधारण तेल नहीं है। इसकी मालिश से शरीर काफी आराम मिलता है। यहां तक कि लकवा जैसे रोगों तक को ठीक करने की क्षमता रखता है।

🔹इससे अगर महिलाएं अपने स्तन के नीचे से ऊपर की ओर मालिश करें, तो स्तन पुष्ट होते हैं। सर्दी के मौसम में इस तेल से शरीर की मालिश करें, तो ठंड का एहसास नहीं होता।
🔹 इससे चेहरे की मालिश भी कर सकते हैं। चेहरे की सुंदरता एवं कोमलता बनाये रखेगा। यह सूखी त्वचा के लिए उपयोगी है।

🔹तिल का तेल- तिल विटामिन ए व ई से भरपूर होता है। इस कारण इसका तेल भी इतना ही महत्व रखता है। इसे हल्का गरम कर त्वचा पर मालिश करने से निखार आता है। अगर बालों में लगाते हैं, तो बालों में निखार आता है, लंबे होते हैं।

🔹जोड़ों का दर्द हो, तो तिल के तेल में थोड़ी सी सोंठ पावडर, एक चुटकी हींग पावडर डाल कर गर्म कर मालिश करें। तिल का तेल खाने में भी उतना ही पौष्टिक है विशेषकर पुरुषों के लिए।इससे मर्दानगी की ताकत मिलती है!

🔹हमारे धर्म में भी तिल के बिना कोई कार्य सिद्ध नहीं होता है, जन्म, मरण, परण, यज्ञ, जप, तप, पित्र, पूजन आदि में तिल और तिल का तेल के बिना संभव नहीं है अतः इस पृथ्वी के अमृत को अपनावे और जीवन निरोग बनावे ।

Melatonin that regulate sleep cycles

1. Melatonin is a hormone produced in the pineal gland of the brain that is responsible for regulating sleep cycles.

2. Melatonin is often considered to be the body’s natural pacemaker. It plays an instrumental role in signaling time of day and time of year, helping to regulate your body’s internal clock.

3. To adjust the body’s internal clock and fall asleep more easily, many people take melatonin supplements in pill form. This is especially common among; shift workers (people with irregular hours), when experiencing jetlag, insomniacs and blind people.

4. Blue light: Melatonin’s arch nemesis. Studies have shown that blue light emitted by screens (TV, computer, phone etc.) suppresses melatonin levels making it more difficult to fall asleep. Red light: Melatonin’s best friend. Red lights are the least likely to suppress melatonin levels and shift circadian rhythms. This makes red light a perfect option for before bed lights and nightlights.

5. Just as different types of light affect melatonin levels, so too are melatonin levels affected by varying degrees of light. Light sensitive receptors in our brains trigger the hormones responsible for melatonin secretion. Because these light sensitive receptors in our brain play such a vital role in melatonin regulation, blind people must often take melatonin supplements to regulate the body’s level of melatonin.

6. We’ve stressed before the importance of regulating your sleep schedule and trying to go to bed and wake up at the same time. Melatonin levels begin to increase approximately two hours before a person goes to sleep, so keeping a rigid sleep schedule will aid in the regularity of melatonin secretion.

7. Melatonin plays a role in regulating the female menstruation cycle. It is responsible to regulating the hormones that affect the onset, frequency and duration of menstruation cycles, including the onset of menstruation later in life

8. Melatonin is also helpful for children with developmental disabilities such as ADHD, and autism.

9. Though melatonin supplements help people to fall asleep more easily, they do not help people to sleep more soundly or regularly throughout the night.

10. We mentioned that melatonin levels increase just before bed and begin to suppress as a person wakes up. Cortisol, a stress hormone operates on the opposite cycle, decreasing just before bed and increasing as a person wakes up. If a person is experiencing higher levels of stress, these two hormones will become misaligned causing a noticeable decline in sleep quality.


Sleep is a chance for your heart

Sleep is a chance for your heart to slow down, even though it has to keep working. Only a little larger than a fist, your heart works hard to pump about 2,000 gallons of blood each day. On average, your heart also “beats” (expands and contracts) 100,000 times a day.

I. Sleep and The Heart

The process of sleep is made up of the following two primary stages:

  1. Rapid-eye-movement (REM) sleep
  2. Non-REM sleep

When you first fall asleep you are in the non-REM stage. The non-REM stage of sleep is a time when your heart does not have to work so hard. About 80% of a full night’s sleep is spent in this stage. During non-REM sleep, your heart rate, breathing and blood pressure all drop to levels below those that occur while you are awake.

REM is the stage of sleep when you have most of your dreams. It is only about 20% of your total sleep time. Your blood pressure and heart rate can go up and down during this stage. If you have a nightmare that wakes you up, you may find that your heart is racing.

When you wake up in the morning, your blood pressure and heart rate both go back up. It is time for you to be active again, and your heart has to get ready for a long day of work.

II. Sleep and Cardiovascular Disease

Sleep and sleep disorders both play a role in cardiovascular disease (CVD). The exact role that they play is still not quite clear. One thing that is certain is that there is a higher risk of sudden cardiac death in the first few hours after you wake up. This may be due to the amount of work your heart has to do when your body gets up and moving again. CVD is a leading cause of death in the U.S. It takes the life of nearly 2,600 Americans every day.

Common forms of CVD include the following:

  • High blood pressure
  • Coronary heart disease
  • Heart attack
  • Chest pain
  • Congestive heart failure
  • Stroke
  • Congenital heart defects

People with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) have been shown to have higher rates of coronary heart disease and strokes. People who have had a heart attack are more likely to have OSA than those without heart disease. It can be even harder for someone to fully recover from a heart attack if their OSA is not treated.

OSA is a sleep disorder that occurs when the tissue in the back of the throat blocks the airway. This is very common, because the muscles inside the throat relax as you sleep. You stop breathing, keeping the oxygen you need from getting to the lungs. When you stop breathing, your body wakes up. It happens so quickly, you aren’t even aware of it. You can stop breathing hundreds of times in one night. Being treated for OSA reduces your risk of death due to CVD.

Sleep and High Blood Pressure (hypertension)

Several studies have shown that people with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) are at a much greater risk of having high blood pressure. OSA causes your oxygen level to drop. Your heart beats faster due to the lack of oxygen. This causes your blood pressure to rise. Over time, this can lead to an ongoing increase in blood pressure. It is important to treat high blood pressure since it is a proven cause of other forms of cardiovascular disease. This includes heart attack, heart failure and stroke.

But treating high blood pressure may not be enough. When high blood pressure does not respond well to treatment, it is often due to the presence of untreated sleep apnea. Once the OSA is treated, then the high blood pressure tends to improve as well. It is vital for your doctor to determine if a sleep disorder such as OSA is a factor in your high blood pressure.

Sleep and Coronary Artery Disease

People with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) have been shown to have higher rates of coronary artery disease (CAD). There are two main reasons why this may occur:

  1. OSA increases the risk for high blood pressure, which is a known cause of CAD.
  2. The events that occur during OSA can put great stress on the heart and worsen existing disease.

CAD limits the flow of blood due to narrow arteries. This prevents the right amount of oxygen from reaching the heart. Sleep apnea also causes the blood oxygen level to drop during pauses in breathing. This leads to a rise in the heart rate and blood pressure. An extra strain is put on the heart. The amount of oxygen sent to the heart decreases at the time when the heart needs more oxygen. Studies have shown that the presence of OSA increases the risk of death from CAD. But if the sleep apnea is treated, death due to CAD is reduced.

Sleep and Congestive Heart Failure

Damage to the heart that hurts its ability to pump blood is called congestive heart failure (CHF). Sleep disorders can be both a cause and an effect of CHF. The low oxygen levels and high blood pressure related to obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) can cause the kind of damage that leads to CHF. The heart muscle is unable to handle the stress caused by the OSA. People who have CHF from another cause will see it get worse if they then develop sleep apnea. If sleep apnea is treated, however, patients with CHF will see their heart function improve.

About 40% of people with CHF have a sleep disorder called central sleep apnea (CSA). CSA occurs when the brain fails to tell the lungs to breathe. As this signal is lost, the lungs do not take in the oxygen that your body needs. This happens most often as people are falling asleep. CSA also causes people to wake up many times in the night. When they wake up, their heart rate and blood pressure both rise.

The low levels of oxygen that result from CSA are very harmful. The result is that CSA may worsen heart failure. In return, the heart failure may promote CSA. This causes a horrible cycle of declining heart function. Properly treating the heart failure is the best way to prevent CSA. If CSA still develops, there are treatments that can be used to keep it from occurring.

Sleep and Stroke

A stroke damages the brain when the blood supply to the brain is cut off. This occurs when an artery that brings blood to the brain either clots or bursts. Brain cells can die if the flow of blood to the brain stops for longer than a few seconds. This can cause permanent brain damage. The part of the body controlled by that section of the brain will not be able to function normally. Strokes are the cause of one out of every 15 deaths in the U.S.

High blood pressure is the most common cause of a stroke. Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) may indirectly lead to a stroke by causing a rise in blood pressure. Sleep apnea can also directly cause a stroke by reducing the blood flow to the brain. This occurs when the level of oxygen drops during pauses in breathing. It is also common for OSA to begin to occur after someone has had a stroke. This may hinder a person as he tries to recover from the stroke.

III. The Effects of Heart Disease on Sleep

Heart disease can affect your ability to sleep in subtle ways. People with congestive heart failure (CHF) often have a hard time falling asleep or staying asleep. This is due to the shortness of breath that is caused by CHF. This shortness of breath is often made worse when you lie down. The blood in your legs flows back into the heart. This can bring the heart more blood than it is able to pump.

People who have these symptoms may feel like they have insomnia. Doctors call these symptoms:

  • Orthopnea (shortness of breath when lying down)
  • Paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea (waking up from sleep feeling short of breath)

Heart disease also causes people to worry about their health. They are often afraid that they might have a heart attack or stroke. This anxiety can make it very hard to sleep at night. Over time, this sleep problem can develop into chronic insomnia.

IV. Sleep and a Healthy Heart

There are many things you can do to keep your heart healthy. You should be sure to do the following:

  • Eat a balanced diet
  • Avoid being overweight
  • Get plenty of exercise
  • Watch out for and treat high blood pressure
  • Get regular medical check-ups

Another thing you can do is to make sure that you get enough sleep to keep your body well rested. You can often sleep better by simply following the practices of good sleep hygiene. Sleep hygiene consists of basic habits and tips that help you develop a pattern of healthy sleep. See the Resources section of this site to find out how you can start down the path to better sleep.

Watch for signs that you may have a sleep disorder. Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a sleep disorder that can put great stress on your heart. Men who are overweight and have large necks are most likely to have OSA.

Symptoms of OSA include the following:

  • Loud snoring
  • Gasping for breath or choking while asleep
  • Trouble staying awake during the daytime

You may not be aware of these signs because they only occur while you are sleeping. Your breathing is normal when you are awake. Ask a bed partner or someone else who has observed your sleep to find out if you snore or stop breathing during your sleep.

Talk with your doctor about your risk of having a sleep disorder. This is very important if you already have high blood pressure or cardiovascular disease. People with congestive heart failure must be monitored for CSA and other sleep disorders. In contrast to OSA, people with heart failure and CSA are often thin and may not snore at all.

If your doctor thinks that you have a sleep disorder, he or she may suggest that you take a sleep study. This is called a polysomnogram. A sleep study is usually done overnight in a sleep center. It charts your brain waves, heart beat, and breathing as you sleep. It also records your eye and leg movements as well as muscle tension.

A sleep specialist will be able to see if there are any problems in the quality of your sleep. Your primary doctor is then given the results of the study. The two of you can decide on the best course of treatment. It is important to remember that sleep disorders are common and treatable. Treating your sleep disorder can help you have a healthier heart.


There are around 1014 atoms in a typical human cell.Another way of looking at it is that this is 100,000,000,000,000 or 100 trillion atoms. Interestingly, the number of cells in the human body is estimated to be about the same as the number of atoms in a human cellMost of the human body consists of water, which is made from hydrogen and oxygen.



Most of the elements are found within compounds. Water and minerals are inorganic compounds. Organic compounds include fat, protein, carbohydrates, and nucleic acids.

  • Water: Water is the most abundant chemical compound in living human cells, accounting for 65 percent to 90 percent of each cell. It’s also present between cells. For example, blood and cerebrospinal fluid are mostly water.
  • Fat: The percentage of fat varies from person to person, but even an obese person has more water than fat.
  • Protein: In a lean male, the percentages of protein and water are comparable. It’s about 16 percent by mass. Muscles, including the heart, contain a lot of muscle. Hair and fingernails are protein. Skin contains a large amount of protein, too.
  • Minerals: Minerals account for about 6 percent of the body. They include salts and metals. Common minerals include sodium, chlorine, calcium, potassium, and iron.
  • Carbohydrates: Although humans use the sugar glucose as an energy source, there isn’t that much of it free in the bloodstream at any given time. Sugar and other carbohydrates only account for about 1% of body mass.


Six elements account for 99% of the mass of the human body. The acronym CHNOPS may be used to help remember the six key chemical elements that are used in biological molecules.

C is carbon, H is hydrogen, N is nitrogen, O is oxygen, P is phosphorus, and S is sulfur. While the acronym is a good way to remember the identities of the elements, it doesn’t reflect their abundance.

  • Oxygen is the most abundant element in the human body accounting for approximately 65% of a person’s mass. Each water molecule consists of two hydrogen atoms bonded to one oxygen atom, but the mass of each oxygen atom is much higher than the combined mass of the hydrogen. In addition to being a component of water, oxygen is essential for cellular respiration.
  • Carbon is contained in all organic compounds, which is why carbon is the second most abundant element in the body, accounting for about 18% of body mass. Carbon is found in proteins, carbohydrates, lipids, and nucleic acids. It’s also found in carbon dioxide.
  • Hydrogen atoms are the most numerous type of atom in a human, but because they are so light, they only make up around 10% of the mass. Hydrogen is in water, plus it’s an important electron carrier.
  • Nitrogen is about 3.3% of body mass. It’s found in proteins and nucleic acids.
  • Calcium accounts for 1.5% of body mass. It’s used to build bones and teeth, plus it’s important for muscle contraction.
  • Phosphorus is about 1% of body mass. This element is found in nucleic acids. Breaking bonds connecting phosphate molecules is a major component of energy transfer.
  • Potassium is around 0.2-0.4% of the mass of a person. It’s used in nerve conduction. Potassium is a key cation or positively-charged ion in the body.
  • Sulfur is found in some amino acids and proteins. It’s about 0.2-0.3% of body mass.
  • Sodium, like potassium, is a positively-charged ion. It’s about 0.1-0.2% of body mass. Sodium helps regulate the electrolyte balance in the body and maintain homeostasis with respect to the volume of water in the blood and cells.
  • Although aluminum and silicon are abundant in the earth’s crust, they are found in trace amounts in the human body.
  • Other trace elements include metals, which are often cofactors for enzymes. Trace elements include iron, cobalt, zinc, iodine, selenium, and flourine.
Element Percent by Mass
Oxygen 65
Carbon 18
Hydrogen 10
Nitrogen 3
Calcium 1.5
Phosphorus 1.2
Potassium 0.2
Sulfur 0.2
Chlorine 0.2
Sodium 0.1
Magnesium 0.05
Iron, Cobalt, Copper, Zinc, Iodine trace
Selenium, Fluorine

BPA FREE…….????

In 2008, the possible health risks of Bisphenol A (BPA) — a common chemical in plastic — made headlines. Parents were alarmed, pediatricians flooded with questions, and stores quickly sold-out of BPA-free bottles and sippy cups.

Where do things stand now? Have plastic manufacturers changed their practices? How careful does a parent need to be when it comes to plastics and BPA? Here’s the latest information we have about possible BPA risks.

BPA Basics

BPA is a chemical that has been used to harden plastics for more than 40 years. It’s everywhere. It’s in medical devices, compact discs, dental sealants, water bottles, the lining of canned foods and drinks, and many other pro

More than 90% of us have BPA in our bodies right now. We get most of it by eating foods that have been in containers made with BPA. It’s also possible to pick up BPA through air, dust, and water.

BPA was common in baby bottles, sippy cups, baby formula cans, and other products for babies and young children. Controversy changed that. Now, the six major companies that make baby bottles and cups for infants have stopped using BPA in the products they sell in the U.S. Many manufacturers of infant formula have stopped using BPA in their cans, as well.

According to the U.S. Department of Health, toys generally don’t contain BPA. While the hard outer shields of some pacifiers do have BPA, the nipple that the baby sucks on does not.

BPA Risks

What does BPA do to us? We still don’t really know, since we don’t have definitive studies of its effects in people yet. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration used to say that BPA was safe. But in 2010 the agency altered its position. The FDA maintains that studies using standardized toxicity tests have shown BPA to be safe at the current low levels of human exposure. But based on other evidence — largely from animal studies — the FDA expressed “some concern” about the potential effects of BPA on the brain, behavior, and prostate glands in fetuses, infants, and young children.

Bisphenol A is used primarily to make plastics, and products using bisphenol A-based plastics have been in commercial use since 1957.At least 3.6 million tonnes (8 billion pounds) of BPA are used by manufacturers yearly. It is a key monomer in production of epoxyresins and in the most common form of polycarbonate plastic. Bisphenol A and phosgene react to give polycarbonate under biphasic conditions; the hydrochloric acid is scavenged with aqueous base:


Diphenyl carbonate may be used in place of phosgene. Phenol is eliminated instead of hydrochloric acid. This transesterification process avoids the toxicity and handling of phosgene