The use of nanoparticles and other nanoscale materials has been gathering a lot of significant interest in recent years and has even adapted into its own interdisciplinary field of science known as nanomedicine. Whilst there are still some issues to be ironed out within the nanomedicine field, it has brought about great advances within medicine, including many nanoparticle-based therapies for cancer. Given that the alternative to such treatments is longer periods of intensive chemotherapy and radiotherapy (although some therapies still use these processes but the cancer killing effects are more enhanced), there has been a lot of research dedicated to fighting cancer within the nanomedicine sector.
Cancer is currently on the rise. Currently, around every 1 in 8 males in the UK will be diagnosed with prostate cancer, with there being a significantly higher risk if the males are older, or if there is a pre-existing history of the cancer in the family. There are a range of nanoparticle therapeutic treatments undergoing developments, some of which are used to enhance the effects of chemotherapy and radiotherapy, whereas others deliver specific drugs to cancer cells.
Nanocarrier vessels are the most widely used therapeutic treatment for all types of cancer, as it enables the cancer-killing drug payload to be delivered to a specific site of interest (i.e. the tumour), whereupon the drug is released to the cancer cells, thus destroying them, whilst leaving the surrounding healthy cells undamaged. The same is true for prostate cancer, where specific drugs designed to kill prostate cancer cells can be loaded into the nanocarriers. Even though their regulatory viability is questionable, nanocarriers offer a much safer route to killing cancer cells (i.e. without causing unnecessary damage to healthy tissue), but not all nanocarriers are a viable option because of their inability to be excreted efficiently.
A lot of research in the early days of nanocarrier drug delivery systems focused on vessels of an inorganic nature, yet these are the types that are troublesome to break down or excrete. This has caused a shift in the types of nanocarrier vessels undergoing research at the fundamental level nowadays, and the shift has been towards organic-based vessels, such as liposomes. The shift has been attributed to a few factors, such as a much wider range of usable delivery vessels, but the most significant factors as to why organic nanocarriers are being used more and more is due to their much higher bioavailability, biocompatibility and the ability to be excreted by the body.
Another growing area, both academically and commercially, is the use of magnetic nanoparticles, i.e. nanoparticles composed of iron oxide to thermally treat cancer cells. Whilst iron oxide nanoparticles themselves are not highly biocompatible, their surface can be functionalized with biocompatible organic groups, such as polyethylene glycol (PEG), to make them suitable for use within the body. These particles can be directed remotely using an external magnetic field to the site of interest. Once the nanoparticles reach the cancerous site, they can be activated to undergo Brownian motion, which releases heat and destroys the cancer cells.
Nanoparticle Therapy in Recent News
Nanoparticle-based therapies for tackling prostate cancer has recently been in the news since a paper emerged in the Nature open-access journal, Scientific Reports. This new report details that their new therapy can be used to kill cancer cells and make tumours more sensitive to chemotherapy (a two-fold approach) and it is thought that it will reach clinical trials soon. Whilst it is a therapy that can be used with prostate cancer, it has also been stated that it is also usable for breast cancer.
The researchers use a core-shell lipid polymer hybrid nanoparticle to deliver two different drugs, rather than the conventional encapsulation of one drug, to the cancerous prostate. Both drugs used in the therapy are already FDA approved, which makes the transition to the clinic a lot smoother. One drug is an anti-cancer drug, known as docetaxel, and the other is a multiple sclerosis drug, known as fingolimod, that makes tumours more sensitive to chemotherapy treatments.
Both drugs have their disadvantages when used in a traditional capacity. Fingolimod is known to supress the immune system and be toxic in the blood, whereas docetaxel can produce serious side effects if the tumour is resistant to chemotherapy. So, by using a nanocarrier to target the specific area of interest, both drugs can know be administered together, with a much lower risk than ever before, to help kill cancerous prostate cell
Prostate Cancer UK: https://prostatecanceruk.org/prostate-information
Yajna Kunds are basically reservoirs of energy or energy centers where all the divinity is invited and invoked. The shape of Havan kund is widely experienced to generate and store a special energy field, which possess bacteriostatic properties. The unique shape of the Agni Kunda (also called Havan Kunda) allows controlled generation and multi directional dissipation of energy. It acts as a generator of unusual energy fields and spreads them in its surrounding atmosphere.
As per the scriptures there are different types of Yajna Kunds which are made in following shapes.
- Rectangular or Square
- Yoni Kunda
- Lotus-shaped and
Some of the common shapes are Chaturakara (Square Yajna Kund), Ardha Chandrakara (Semi Circle shaped Yajna Kund), Vrittakara (Circular Shaped Yajna Kund) and Trikonakara (Triangle Yajna Kund). The form of the Yajna Kund varies depending on the Sankalpa (Intent), Deity Prayed and Situation of the Yajamana. You may have seen the Square Shaped Yajna Kund as it is primarily used in the Yagya rituals. The square shape Yajna/ Yagya Kund is also called as Chaturastra Kunda or the Kund design made with four equal sides.
- The Square Shape & is called Chaturastra Kund for the accomplishment of all work & gaining Siddhis.
- The Heart shaped Yajna Kund is called Yoni Kund designed for desire manifestation like getting a child and attracting love.
- The Semi Circle shaped Yajna Kund is called Ardha Chandr Kund which is made to gain harmony, happiness, peace and resolve conflicts. It is also for conferring peace in the family, both wife and husband have to offer oblation together.
- Semi-circular or ArdhaChandrakar meaning Ardha means “half” & Chandra meaning in the shape of the moon.
- The Triangular shaped Yajna Kund is also called Trikon Kund which look like bow & arrow and perfectly designed to win over enemies.
- The Vrut Yajna Kund is circular shape Kund and designed for public welfare and peace.
- The Star shaped Yajna Kund is called Pushtrkon Kund which is made for win over the unseen and seen enemies.
- The Yajna Kund with 6 angles is constructed for stopping death.
- The Padma Kund denotes Lotus and the Yajna Kund is made in Flower shape which is primarily made to gain wealth. Some old scriptures also mention its construction for safety against evil energies.
A Yagya is the powerful remedy for karmic evolution, annihilating past negative karma and helping in generation of positive karma for the future. In Vedic literature, the concept of Yajna/ Yagya has been completely illustrated. It claims the subsequent process. The amazing arena together with the incredible system is the actual concept of Yagya. A well-organized state displaying tranquillity and order is the real concept of Homa/ Yajna.
Havans or Homas
The foremost among our ancient vedic rituals, the ‘RITUAL OF FIRE SACRIFICE’ was revealed to our ancient sages after several years of penance and austerities. A Homa or Havan is a sacred fire ceremony in which various forms of the Divine gods and Demi-gods are invoked in a sacred fire that has been kindled according to the guidelines in the Vedic scriptures. Certain special offerings are made into the fire while Sanskrit Mantras are chanted. The combination of the powerful energy of the fire and the Sanskrit mantras create extremely auspicious and purifying vibrations that are beneficial to all who attend the Homa. The smoke that rises from a Homa contains a powerful healing energy, and as it rises to the heavens it purifies the atmosphere, both physically and subtly, encouraging a peaceful environment and gentle weather. Every kind of negative karma can be purified by the sacred Homa fire, due to divine grace.
Sage kshayapa has beautifully described the origin of fumigation therapy or Dhoopa chikitsa . When the Rishis were troubled by negative elements in the form of Rakshasas, they tried to find solutions by performing japa , tapa and homa to please Agni deva. Agni Deva revealed the secret of using Fumes/gas generated by the material offered to Agni/fire to remove the troubles as well as trouble creaters in the form of Rakshasas, bhootas, pisachas and the grahas . He blessed them to perform yagnas to remove all fear and cure diseases. Since ancient times, this traditional fumigation therapy was used for the welfare of Humans. Ayurveda deals with ‘Dhoopa vidhi’ containing dhoopa,, Anudhoopa and Pratidhoopa. The Vedas , brahmanas, Puranas, Itihasa and tantric Texts give us details of the procedures and results of Homacharam.
To perform Traditional homacahara you should have an undestanding of Dravya Gunas- the qualities of the items used in the sacrificial fire- What should be put and when they should be offered into the homa fire. Different parinamas/results are obtained by the different fumes that are generated by offering different materials into homa fire according to the Rituals. Homas have the power to remove all grahadoshas and give bhaada mukti (releif from troubles). A lot depends on the materials and herbs that are offered to the homa fire. Dravya guna of material put in fire will be in sookshma roopa or subtle forms. The fumes thus produced will enter our body as we breathe, gets into our blood stream and cure the dosha or impurities.
Although a consecrated fire is the central element of every homa ritual, the procedure and items offered to the fire vary by what occasions the ceremony, or by the benefit expected from the ritual. Procedures invariably involve –
? the kindling and consecration of the sacrificial fire;
? the invocation of one or more divinities; and,
? the making of offerings (whether real or visualized) to them with the fire as via media, amid the recitation of prescribed prayers and mantras.
The consecrated fire forms the focus of devotion. It is often maintained on specific types of dung, wood, dried coconut (copra) and/or other combustibles. The fire-altar (vedi or homa/havan kunda) is generally made of brick or stone or a copper vessel, and is almost always built specifically for the occasion, being dismantled immediately afterwards. This fire-altar is invaribly built in square shape. While very large vedis are occasionally built for major public homas, the usual altar may be as small as 1 x 1 foot square and rarely exceeds 3 x 3 feet square.
Again, whereas major altars at public events may include a hollowing of the earth to create a relatively deep pit, the usual altars involve no such excavation and indeed rise only inches above the ground. In all events, the arrangement is centered in the middle of a space, which may be either outdoors or indoors. The principal people performing the ceremony and the priests who instruct them through the rituals seat themselves around the altar, while family, friends and other devotees form a larger ring around that center.
The length and procedure of a homa depends on the purpose to which it is performed; many different types of homas exist, and the following list is only illustrative.
Havans can be better appreciated through the understanding of scientific principles. All rituals in the Hindu religion aim at journeying in one’s life enroute the process of Artha, Kama, Dharma, Mukti and Moksha. Havans are essentially sacrificial medium wherein various aspects of the ‘self’ are sacrificed at the altar of the SUPREME CONSCIOUSNESS thereby enabling a direct communion with the SUPREME POWER. The energies aroused in a Havan effect the body and the mind and are tangible in our everyday life.
Purpose of Havans:
The sacred fire ritual ‘Havans’, serve as a link between man’s consciousness and the cosmic consciousness. According to science, matter can neither be created nor destroyed. It can only be transformed from one form to another. In the same manner, whatever we offer in the Sacred Fire reaches the respective deities along with our prayers invoking the special blessings from those divine beings for the fulfillment of the purpose of the respective ‘Havan’, aimed at achieving success at a material and spiritual level of an individual. Faith reinforces the discovery of the Divine or Higher Source and our ultimate surrender to the ‘higher source,’ is the solution to all our existing endeavors. It is then that we enable the Divine or the higher sources to take control or streamline our life for our own sake.
The Havan Fire converts the physical components, all offerings made into the fire, into their ‘psychic’ components serving as offerings to the concerned deities presiding over the Havans. All religions worship the higher source/energy in the form of fire, seen as lighting candles or lamps during prayers. It is an ancient method of submitting the pleas and prayers to the higher source beseeching their Divine blessings. This practice is an art and the knowledge imparted has been well preserved for our observance in all the scriptures from various religions. When we use it for a right cause, the purpose is well served and the benefit is attained for all of us to share with the world. It is through the fire element that all the other five elements in the body get balanced. With this balance of energy all things begin to fall into place and we start getting connected with the Divine.
The sacrifices made into the fire get transformed as offerings to the respective divine deities /higher energies through the medium of fire. Through Havans, auspicious energies are awakened. One undergoes the cleansing of the physical and psychic bodies. In the Havan kund the various energies are invoked by chanting the sacred mantras and through various postures for receiving the right vibrations.
Participation in Havans:
The Havan requires the active involvement of the participants with deep faith and bonding to the concerned deity invoked for instant and spontaneous results. The grace flowing from the Havan which is contained within the Havan Kund till the end of the performance of the ritual gets transferred into the ‘Kalasam’ containing the holy water and is later offered to the participants for sprinkling on themselves and also partaking of the holy sacred water.
Benefits of Havans:
Havans not only enable the dispelling of negative energies from the homes but also annihilate negativity in our life patterns rescuing us from the curses of people countering the ill effects of black magic too. They bring in high energy fields, revitalize and balance the three types of energies/humors/gunas in our body. Therefore, the performance of a ‘Havan’ demands the active role of the participants. This is vital in deciding the fruits of the ritual for the participants. The level of one’s intense participation accompanied with feeling, faith and devotion, determines the proportion of grace received, which magnifies in multiples. This also heals the body filling it with positive and divine energy.
• Exaltation in spiritual practices is also attained by the performance of certain esoteric Havans. The Divine energy flowing from the deities unto the body of the participant cleanses them of all negative energies and ‘sanskars’.
• The deities invoked provide a protective shield around the participant keeping the negative energy at bay. The deities invoked receive the offerings and bestow their blessings onto the participants in the form of prosperity, longevity, relief from karma and its bondage, as per the quest of the ‘Havan’. The participant is either handed over the clothes adorning the sacred ‘Kalash’ (metal vessel), or then they are asked to partake of the sacred water filled inside this Kalash.
In certain Havans, like the ‘Sudarshan Havan’ or the ‘Kubera Havan’, a ‘yantra’ (divine symbol) is given or sent to the participant to be placed in their cupboards / drawers in offices / homes to reap prosperity and also for individual spiritual growth.
In case of the ‘Gayathri Havan’ the yantra is handed over to the participants if personally present else the sacred water alone will be handed over to the participant.
• The spiritual vibrations emanating from such the Havans are very powerful as they are conducted by the highly advanced and spiritually elevated. Also as the Havans are conducted in the sacred Oneness temple site located between the highly energised magnetic grid fields & in the fire energy of the site its effects are very powerful.
In certain cases they are also performed at the residences of participants on special request. Accordingly, the Guides determine the appropriate date and time for the type of Havan to invoke the precise results.
• Many times after conclusion of these Havans in certain cases, where the effect of individual / family karma needs further cleansing / offsetting its effect, one might necessitate attending further advanced processes as ordained by the Scriptures to effect the desired changes in their inputs to their lives.
Havan rituals enable one to attain fulfillment of various wishes / boons both in the materialistic and spiritual planes. These havans restore and revive a direct connection with the Higher Source which today we have off late lost track of.
It is strongly encouraged to seriously consider one’s individual and family needs, and organise the appropriate Havan (after duly consulting the Oneness Guides), at either one’s residence or participate in such Havans conducted by Organisations to reap the right benefits not just for one’s immediate family / self in this birth, but also for the liberation and salvation of one’s ancestors to whom we owe our body today and liberate ourselves also to attain Jeevan Mukthi while in this physical frame.
There are many different types of Havans which can be conducted, depending on the intentions and motivations of the participants. Each Havan is performed according to very strict and specific protocols, derived as a result of hundreds– or even thousands– of years of experiential research. They are conducted by highly advanced, learned and trained Vedic scholars, based on ancient knowledge passed down verbally over generations.
The Various Havans performed are: General Havans:
• Maha Ganapathi Havan – For Auspicious Beginning & For Removal of Obstacles
• Maha Lakshmi Havan – For Acquiring Wealth & Prosperity
• Maha Devi Havan – For a Suitable Life Partner
• Gayathri Havan – To Set Right Relationships and for Liberation from Negative Karma • Vidya Havan – For Academic Excellence & Career Growth
• Dhanvantri Havan – For Good Health
• Ayushya Havan – For Longevity of Life
• Mangala Samskarana Havan – For Awakening Auspicious Qualities
• Vastu Havan – To Set right Problems Arising From Wrong Vastu Special Havans:
• Durga Havan – For Removing & Destroying Negative Energies and Entities
• Bhagavath Katatksha Havan – For Receiving Direct Blessings of God to fulfill any particular purpose
• Sudarshana Havan – For Success and Prosperity
• Lakshmi Kubera Havan – For Higher Wealth & Prosperity
• Navagraha Havan – For Receiving the blessings of Navagraha Devatas and to remove doshas due to Grahas
Maha Ganapathi Havan
• To receive the blessings of Lord Ganapathi, the remover of obstacles
• For grahapravesham (House warming ceremony) before living in a new house
• Usually performed to have an auspicious beginning for commencing a business etc. • For fulfilling objectives without hindrances
• For success in works and projects without any obstacles
• For general well being
• To attain prosperity in various aspects of life
• Usually done before the beginning other homas
Atharva Sheersha Shodasha Ganapathi Homam/Maha Pooja. Ganesha is one of the most revered and loved gods in the Hindu Mythology. Born of Lord Shiva and Parvati, every story associated with this Lord is interesting and some are even amusing. Yet the astrological relevance and mythical references are accurate. Why Lord Ganesha has an elephant’s head, everyone has heard of, but why does he rides a Mooshak(mouse) or why is it that seeing the Moon on Ganesh Chaturthi is avoided and also several other questions wrt Ganesha have significant answers.
One story is recounted here, about the Lord Vignaharta, Lambodara, Ekadanta and His 16 Powerful forms -that are a panacea for Shani-related evils and misfortunes. Ganesha was created by Shakti when, ‘she anointed herself with turmeric and oil. When the mixture had soaked her sweat and dried on her skin, she scraped it off and from the scrapings, she created a child, her son.’ While this story might be well known to Ganesha’s followers, what may not be so well-known is that Vinayaka comes from the words, Vina (without) and Nayaka (the help of a man). What may also not be common knowledge is that ‘Durga- Ganesha’s mother, took a banana plant, wrapped a sari around it and gave it in marriage to Ganesha, because no woman in the world would marry him because of his elephant head!’ It is these interesting facts, detailed in an easy manner, with a contemporary slant that make you want to read on. Performing Ganesha Japa and Havan once every year will give prosperity, health and wealth. Ganesha Japa and Havan should be performed on all auspicious occasions.
Maha Lakshmi Havan
o To receive the blessings of Sri Maha Lakshmi, Goddess of wealth and fortune
o To overcome financial crisis
o Creates opportunities to acquire wealth and prosperity
o For speedy recovery of loans
o For early repayment of loans
o For Financial growth & stability
o For growth in career hierarchy
o Sustaining unity in the family
Maha Devi Havan
o To receive the blessings of Goddess Maha Devi
o For successful marriage
o To remove obstacles that delay marriage
o To get married soon
o To have a happy married life filled with auspiciousness
o To receive the blessings of Goddess Gayathri, the Being who liberates us from Negative Karma
o For Liberation from negative karma and to acquire Sath karma (positive karma)
o For liberation from negative vasanas (qualities acquired from birth) and negative samskaras (qualities acquired during one’s lifetime)
o For Liberation of all karmic bondages/suffering acquired for many generations
o Focuses on setting right relationships within one’s family and other important people in one’s life
o Useful for spiritual awakening
o To break the negative patterns which are causing miseries in one’s life
o Useful for liberating ancestors and to receive their blessings
o For begetting Children
o For general growth in personal, professional and spiritual progress in one’s life
o To receive the blessings of Goddess Saraswathi, the Goddess of Wisdom and Learning
o For enhanced academic excellence
o Useful for students and professionals
o For increasing memory power for higher concentration levels
o For a successful career
o For creativity and innovation in academics, business and profession
o For Flowering of Intelligence. It is very different from intellect acquired from knowledge through books
o To receive the blessings of Sri Dhanvantri, the giver of health according to Ayurveda and ancient scriptures
o For Roha nivarana (heals chronic illnesses)
o To maintain a healthy balance physically, psychologically and spiritually
o Has a healing effect of the body, mind and spirit
o Acts as prevention for future diseases
o Increases the resistance in the body from viruses, bacteria etc.
o This Havan cures ailments that cannot be treated through mainstream medicines
o To receive the blessings of Ayur Devata, giver of long and healthy life
o Also performed during the 1st birth anniversary of a child
o For good healthy life for a child or a person
o To remove negative effects caused by inauspicious day of birth
o Can be performed on yearly basis on birthdays and important occasions
o For a complete life filled with health, happiness and prosperity
o To witness happy relationships in the family in one’s life time
Mangala Samskarana Havan
o This havan glorifies the Divine to fill one’s life with auspicious qualities such as love, gratitude, kindness, etc.
o For receiving grace and wellbeing for the family
o For begetting children
o For tuning in to Higher auspicious energies
o For Success in endeavors
o Also helps for Jeevan Mukthi and Moksha (For liberation from the cycle of births and deaths)
o To help in spheres of health, wealth, success and prosperity of an individual
o To receive the blessings of vastu purusha to maintain an energy balance in a house or a building
o To heal vastu doshas (problems) in houses, commercial establishments,institutions, industries and localities etc
o To set right loss in business and problems in a family caused by negative effects of improper vastu construction
o For appease vastu purusha for not following the principles and techniques prescribed by vastu Shastra for constructing houses, temples and business centers
o This havan is also performed along with Maha Ganapathi havan during house warming ceremony for happiness and well being of the family members who would live in that house
o To receive the blessings of Goddess Durga Devi
o For removing or destroying negative energies troubling an individual, family or an organization
o For success over negative energies and enemies
o For removal and protection from black magic effects
o For protection from irrational fears and dangers
o For getting rid of troublesome tenants leading to easy vacation of the house, favoring the house owner
o To achieve success over competition in profession or business
Bhagavath Katatksha Havan
o For seeking Sri Amma Bhagavan’s grace to fulfill our needs in life
o To receive the blessings from all Gods & Goddesses
o This havan praises the God both as Mother and Father and the whole creation as an extension of the body of God
o To fill up the void within (for example, If a person lacks love, will be blessed with love to set right his relationship with family and others)
o For awakening auspicious qualities in abundance, within oneself
o For auspiciousness and general well-being
o For spiritual growth and awakening (Jeevan Mukthi)
o For higher levels of consciousness
o For acquiring 16 different kinds of wealth and prosperity such as good health and education, healthy relationships, for powerful communion with Sri Amma Bhagavan, kindness, gratitude, surrender etc.
o To receive the blessings of Lord Sudharshana, the deity of the Sudharshana Chakra
o Helps in setting right astrological flaws
o To remove and destroy negative forces affecting one’s life
o To have a golden shield of protection from negative energies like black magic and enemies
o For prevention from fatal accidents, unsolved miseries and accidents which may possibly occur in the near future
o For success, courage and prosperity
o For early solution to unsolved chronic problems
o For prevention and success in legal issues
Lakshmi Kubera Havan
o To receive the blessings of two Beings Goddess Maha Lakshmi , the Goddess of wealth & fortune; and Lord Kubera, who maintains this wealth and prosperity leading to further financial growth
o A very powerful homa for wealth and prosperity
o For faster recovery of dues
o For clearing the debts
o To tide over financial crises relating to large sum of money
o To please the Lord of wealth and prosperity, Sri Kubera
o To create the newer ways and means for acquiring wealth and prosperity through the blessings of Goddess Maha Lakshmi
o Helps in maintenance and growth of wealth, acquired in the form of land, property and other assets as a family for generations
o Activates the creative part of the brain leading to financial success in business and profession
o To enjoy the luxuries earned through one’s hard work and to ensure that it will not be wasted by the future generations
o To receive the blessings of the Divine Beings who control the 9 planets the Navagrahas which include our Sun, Moon and the non physical planets Raghu and Kethu
o It helps in removing astrological flaws
o To remove the negative effects (Graha doshas) of one or more planets like Saturn, Ragu or Kethu grahas
o To receive the positive effects of 9 planets which may be unfavorable at a given a point of time
o Each of these beings who control the planets relate to one aspect of the body for example, when you have the blessings of Surya Graha (Sun God), the leader of the planets, you are protected from all blood related problems
o This is a follow up homa after house warming ceremony
महामहिम जोश के वर्गीज
सीसीईटी के शुरुआत से लेकर अब तक जितने डायरेक्टर और प्रिंसिपल रहे हैं,
सारे सलाहकार,टी पी मैथ्यू ,प्रोफेसर केसी मनी का उत्थान एवं निराकरण देखा हैl पहले प्रोफेसर का इंटरव्यू करते फिर जोइनिंग रिपोर्ट नहीं भेजते l आप तो प्रधानमंत्री मोदी को भी नहीं छोड़ते NBA INSPECTION समय फोटो लगाते हैं फिर गायब कर देते हैं यह कैसी दूरदर्शिता का समावेश है समझना बड़ा मुश्किल हैI
Dr Rajeshwar Singh, www.drrajeshwar.in
पूजा पाठ अनुष्ठान होने के पश्चात वैदिक काल से ही हवन करने का विधान है। किंतु हवन के पश्चात स्वास्थ्य पर क्या असर पड़ता है इसको जाने।
फ़्रांस के ट्रेले नामक वैज्ञानिक ने हवन पर रिसर्च की। जिसमे उन्हें पता चला की हवन मुख्यतः आम की लकड़ी पर किया जाता है। जब आम की लकड़ी जलती है तो फ़ॉर्मिक एल्डिहाइड नामक गैस उत्पन्न होती है जो की खतरनाक बैक्टीरिया और जीवाणुओ को मारती है तथा वातावरण को शुद्द करती है। इस रिसर्च के बाद ही वैज्ञानिकों को इस गैस और इसे बनाने का तरीका पता चला। गुड़ को जलाने पर भी ये गैस उत्पन्न होती है।
(२) टौटीक नामक वैज्ञानिक ने हवन पर की गयी अपनी रिसर्च में ये पाया की यदि आधे घंटे हवन में बैठा जाये अथवा हवन के धुएं से शरीर का सम्पर्क हो तो टाइफाइड जैसे खतरनाक रोग फ़ैलाने वाले जीवाणु भी मर जाते हैं और शरीर शुद्ध हो जाता है।
(३) हवन की महत्ता देखते हुए राष्ट्रीय वनस्पति अनुसन्धान संस्थान लखनऊ के वैज्ञानिकों ने भी इस पर एक रिसर्च की क्या वाकई हवन से वातावरण शुद्द होता है और जीवाणु नाश होता है अथवा नही. उन्होंने ग्रंथो. में वर्णित हवन सामग्री जुटाई और जलाने पर पाया की ये विषाणु नाश करती है। फिर उन्होंने विभिन्न प्रकार के धुएं पर भी काम किया और देखा की सिर्फ आम की लकड़ी १ किलो जलाने से हवा में मौजूद विषाणु बहुत कम नहीं हुए पर जैसे ही उसके ऊपर आधा किलो हवन सामग्री डाल कर जलायी गयी एक घंटे के भीतर ही कक्ष में मौजूद बॅक्टेरिया का स्तर ९४ % कम हो गया। यही नही. उन्होंने आगे भी कक्ष की हवा में मौजुद जीवाणुओ का परीक्षण किया और पाया की कक्ष के दरवाज़े खोले जाने और सारा धुआं निकल जाने के २४ घंटे बाद भी जीवाणुओ का स्तर सामान्य से ९६ प्रतिशत कम था। बार बार परीक्षण करने पर ज्ञात हुआ की इस एक बार के धुएं का असर एक माह तक रहा और उस कक्ष की वायु में विषाणु स्तर 30 दिन बाद भी सामान्य से बहुत कम था।
यह रिपोर्ट एथ्नोफार्माकोलोजी के शोध पत्र (resarch journal of Ethnopharmacology 2007
एथ्नोफार्माकोलोजी के शोध पत्र (resarch journal of Ethnopharmacology 2007) में भी दिसंबर २००७ में छप चुकी है।
रिपोर्ट में लिखा गया की हवन के द्वारा न सिर्फ मनुष्य बल्कि वनस्पतियों फसलों को नुकसान पहुचाने वाले बैक्टीरिया का नाश होता है। जिससे फसलों में रासायनिक खाद का प्रयोग कम हो सकता है।
क्या हो हवन की समिधा (जलने वाली लकड़ी):-
समिधा के रूप में आम की लकड़ी सर्वमान्य है परन्तु अन्य समिधाएँ भी विभिन्न कार्यों हेतु प्रयुक्त होती हैं। सूर्य की समिधा मदार की, चन्द्रमा की पलाश की, मङ्गल की खैर की, बुध की चिड़चिडा की, बृहस्पति की पीपल की, शुक्र की गूलर की, शनि की शमी की, राहु दूर्वा की और केतु की कुशा की समिधा कही गई है।
मदार की समिधा रोग को नाश करती है, पलाश की सब कार्य सिद्ध करने वाली, पीपल की प्रजा (सन्तति) काम कराने वाली, गूलर की स्वर्ग देने वाली, शमी की पाप नाश करने वाली, दूर्वा की दीर्घायु देने वाली और कुशा की समिधा सभी मनोरथ को सिद्ध करने वाली होती है।
हव्य (आहुति देने योग्य द्रव्यों) के प्रकार :
प्रत्येक ऋतु में आकाश में भिन्न–भिन्न प्रकार के वायुमण्डल रहते हैं। सर्दी, गर्मी, नमी, वायु का भारीपन, हलकापन, धूल, धुँआ, बर्फ आदि का भरा होना। विभिन्न प्रकार के कीटणुओं की उत्पत्ति, वृद्धि एवं समाप्ति का क्रम चलता रहता है। इसलिए कई बार वायुमण्डल स्वास्थ्यकर होता है। कई बार अस्वास्थ्यकर हो जाता है। इस प्रकार की विकृतियों को दूर करने और अनुकूल वातावरण उत्पन्न करने के लिए हवन में ऐसी औषधियाँ प्रयुक्त की जाती हैं, जो इस उद्देश्य को भली प्रकार पूरा कर सकती हैं।
होम द्रव्य :
होम–द्रव्य अथवा हवन सामग्री वह जल सकने वाला पदार्थ है जिसे यज्ञ (हवन/होम) की अग्नि में मन्त्रों के साथ डाला जाता है।
(१) सुगन्धित : केशर, अगर, तगर, चन्दन, इलायची, जायफल, जावित्री छड़ीला कपूर कचरी बालछड़ पानड़ी आदि
(२) पुष्टिकारक : घृत, गुग्गुल ,सूखे फल, जौ, तिल, चावल शहद नारियल आदि
(३) मिष्ट – शक्कर, छूहारा, दाख आदि
(४) रोग नाशक –गिलोय, जायफल, सोमवल्ली ब्राह्मी तुलसी अगर तगर तिल इंद्रा जव आमला मालकांगनी हरताल तेजपत्र प्रियंगु केसर सफ़ेद चन्दन जटामांसी आदि.
उपरोक्त चारों प्रकार की वस्तुएँ हवन में प्रयोग होनी चाहिए। अन्नों के हवन से मेघ–मालाएँ अधिक अन्न उपजाने वाली वर्षा करती हैं। सुगन्धित द्रव्यों से विचारों शुद्ध होते हैं, मिष्ट पदार्थ स्वास्थ्य को पुष्ट एवं शरीर को आरोग्य प्रदान करते हैं, इसलिए चारों प्रकार के पदार्थों को समान महत्व दिया जाना चाहिए। यदि अन्य वस्तुएँ उपलब्ध न हों, तो जो मिले उसी से अथवा केवल तिल, जौ, चावल से भी काम चल सकता है।
सामान्य हवन सामग्री :
तिल, जौं, सफेद चन्दन का चूरा , अगर , तगर , गुग्गुल, जायफल, दालचीनी, तालीसपत्र , पानड़ी , लौंग , बड़ी इलायची , गोला , छुहारे नागर मौथा , इन्द्र जौ , कपूर कचरी , आँवला ,गिलोय, जायफल, ब्राह्मी.
।।जय श्री हरि।।
1.Our ancient texts are full of legends wherein ancient sages performed Yagyas and the demons (asuras) tried to destroy them. The demons then had to pay a hefty price as the godly, valiant prince used to guard the Holy fire and eliminate the nuisance. Whether these are just folklores, myths, legends or history is a debate for some other day, but there is no denying the fact that Yagya was related to slaying negativity since the Vedic times. Let’s explore how and why…
2.How it works
There are two basic energy systems in the physical world: heat and sound. In performing Yagya, these two energies, namely, the heat from Yagya’s fire and the sound of the chanting of the Gayatri and other Vedic Mantras, are blended together to achieve the desired physical, psychological and spiritual benefits.
3.The aroma of Yagya
The surroundings and the smell of a Yagya can be smelt even at a huge distance. In addition to steam, smoke is also given out in plentiful quantities and solid particles existing in a highly divided state offer adequate surface for mechanical diffusion. Thus smoke also functions as a medium for circulation of aromatic substances depending on temperature and direction of the wind.
4.The science behind using fatty substances (Ghee)
Ghee helps in rapid combustion of cellulose of wood and keeps the fire alight. When all the volatile substances are diffused in the surrounding atmosphere, these are further subjected to photochemical reactions in the sunlight. This may be the reason why it has been recommended that Yagya should be performed in the presence of strong sunlight.
5.The shape of the Agni Kunda
The word ‘pyramid’ means the fire in the middle’. This ancient-word meaning for pyramid is closely connected with the enigmatic energies springing from its central shape. The pyramid shape is generally thought to generate and store a special energy field, which possess bacteriostatic properties. The inverted pyramid shape allows controlled generation and multidirectional dissipation of energy. It acts as an initiator of unusual energy fields and spreads them in its surrounding atmosphere
6.Chanting of Sanskrit
The power of sound vibrations is long since acknowledged in the field of science. These vibrations can penetrate the energy spheres at the subtle and cosmic levels. All the alphabets of the Sanskrit language are endowed with special vibrational powers, which set out harmonious wave patterns when pronounced. It is interesting to note that an American Scientist has established that recitation of Gayatri Mantra produces 110,000 sound waves per second.
7.Purification of environment
Till recently it was accepted that research into science can furnish answer to all of man’s problems. Today we find increasing number of diseases including malfunctioning of body organs due to increasing severity of pollution in the atmosphere. Experimental studies show that the incidence of physical ailments, sickness and disease are reduced in the houses, where the Yagya is regularly performed.
8.The Hindu fire ritual is a healing process
Yagya creates a pure, nutritional and medicinal atmosphere. It renews the brain cells, revitalizes the skin, purifies blood and prevents growth of pathogenic organisms. Agnihotra is basically a healing process. ‘Heal the atmosphere and the healed atmosphere will heal you’. Purification of environment through the constituent electrons of the substances fumigated in the Yagya is an obvious effect of this process.
According to Dr. Shirowich, a Russian scientist, (i) Cow’s milk contains great power of protection from atomic radiation; (ii) Houses having cow-dung covered floors enjoy complete protection from atomic radiation; (iii) If cow’s ghee is put into Yagya fire, its fumes lessen the effect of atomic radiation to a great extent. The medicinal fumes emanating from Yagya have been observed by researchers in the field of microbiology to be clearly bacteriolethal in nature.
10.Removal of foul odors
While performing Yagya, volatile oils get diffused in the surrounding atmosphere along with steam and smoke. Since these oils have distinct good smell, the foul odors are automatically replaced. This aroma can be experienced easily in the surroundings when Yagya is performed due to diffusion of substances like pine, terpinol and oils of sandal-wood, camphor and clove.
11.Removal of Bacteria
As stated under products of combustion, the partial oxidation of hydrocarbons and decomposition of complex organic substances produce formal aldehyde which is a powerful antiseptic. It is also interesting to note that germicidal action of formaldehyde is only effective in the presence of water vapor which is also produced in large quantities during Yagya. The use of formaldehyde spray for disinfecting of walls, ceiling etc., is common and such a spray is automatically produced when Yagya is performed.
12.Disinfectants and antibiotics
The oxidation of hydrocarbons also produces formic acid and acetic acid both of which are good disinfectants. Use of formic acid for preservation of fruits and that of acetic acid in preserving vinegar is a common practice. The antiseptic and antibiotic effects of fumes of Yagya have also been examined by conducting suitable experiments and it has been established that fumes emitted in Yagya are powerful antibiotic.
13.Removal of insects
There are non-bacterial parasites like flies, ringworm, dice, fleas etc., which are immune to bactericides, which are also harmful to other living beings. Such insects, which are generally immune to ordinary reagents either get killed or are driven away, when they come in contact with the fumes of volatile oils like camphor diffused in the environment.
14.Spiritual significance of Yagya
The heat endowed in yagya is a source of immense energy. As this fire inflames, melts or sublimates all the gross substances inside, we too should burn out all our vices, ill-tendencies, lethargy, dullness and despair and energize our personality with the warmth of new zeal, alacrity, awareness and hope. The heat and energy of the yagya should be reflected in the active flow of our blood, our industriousness and our nimble and vigilant courage to fight against all evils.
The ash produced by fire reminds us of the ephemeral and transient nature of life. We tend to forget this eternal fact and continue on the path of cravings and attachments…adding to our mistakes, infirmities and sins too. While putting the Yagya – bhasm on our head after the Yagya, we should ponder over the end of our present life and realize the importance of the time and breaths available to us now.
16.The sacred texts
The Yajur-Veda contains the knowledge of the principles and methods of performing yagyas as part of spiritual and scientific experiments for global welfare. The Sam-Veda focuses on the musical chanting patterns of the mantras that deal with the subtle forms of yagya pertaining to mental oblation in the deeper core of emotions.
The hymns nos. 1 to 29 in chapter 18 of the Yajur Veda describe Yagya as the basis of good agriculture, physical, mental and spiritual and intellectual progress, prosperity in the botanical kingdom of the earth, prosperity in food and cereals produce, good health and pure environment through removal of pollution.
18.Four hundred types of Yagyas
Four hundred yagyas are described in the Vedas, of which 21 are deemed compulsory. These compulsory Yagyas are also called nityakarmas. The rest of the yagyas are optional and are performed for kamyakarma (particular wishes and benefits). The Aupasana Yagya, though not a part of these 21, is still compulsory .
19.Rules of Yagya
Out of the 21 nityakarmas, only the Agnihotra and the Aupasana are to be performed twice daily, at dawn and at dusk. The remaining Yagyas are performed over the course of the year. The more complicated the Yagya, the less frequently it is performed. The most complex ones need to be performed only once in a lifetime.
20.Kinds of Yagyas
The first seven Yagyas are called Paka-Yagyas or cooked sacrifices. The next seven are called Havir-Yagyas or oblations (burnt offerings) related Yagyas and the remaining seven are called Soma-Yagyas.
Studies have found Asian and American varieties of the Ginseng herb to help libido and sexual performance. Dr. Josh Axe, D.N.M, C.N.S., D.C. explains, “Ginsenglikely affects the central nervous system,
Dr. Steve McGough, doctorate in human sexuality, adds that apples have also been associated with increased sex drive. A 2014 study suggested that eating an apple a day correlated with better sexual quality of life in young women
McGough also notes that there’s some impressive evidence for saffron’s effect on sex drive. Saffron’s history as an aphrodisiac dates back to Cleopatra, who reportedly bathed in saffron-infused milk for its aphrodisiac qualities. Recent studies have also shown that saffron also helps increase sperm motility in infertile men and can decrease some of the sexual side effects from taking certain antidepressant
Diana Hoppe, an MD and author of Healthy Sex Drive, Healthy You: What Your Libido Reveals About Your Life, says capsaicin, the stuff responsible for making chili peppers spicy, stimulates nerve endings on the tongue, which releases epinephrine (adrenaline) — the chemical that increases your heart rate and releases endorphins (natural opiates found in your body). Just make sure you’re eating them and not actually just, like, rubbing chili pepper on your partner’s body — the shit will sting
The high amount of vitamin E in asparagus can increase blood and oxygen flow to the genitals, Dr. Hoppe explains. There are also high levels of potassium — which is linked to sex hormone production. Plus, if the suggestive phallic shape of things also helps get you in the mood, then hey, good for you!
A sexy fun fact about your favorite $2 add on at Chipotle: The Aztec word for avocado is “ahuacatl,” which means “testicle.” But besides the sex-thetic appeal, Dr. Hoppe says avocados also contain high levels of folic acid, vitamin B9 (provides the body with more energy) and vitamin B6 (which helps increase testosteroneproduction).
Your least favorite phallic fruit to eat in public, Dr. Hoppe says bananas contain bromelain enzyme — believed to increase a man’s sex drive — as well as high levels of potassium, riboflavin, and vitamin B2 (supes important to keep your energy levels up while you bone
According to Dr. Hoppe, chocolate contains phenylethylamine — a stimulant that elicits excitement and a sense of well-being. The natural caffeine doesn’t hurt either. Make sure to get dark chocolate that’s at least 75 percent cacao to get the heart bennies too.
What can’t this superfood do (besides not cost an arm and a leg)? Poms are hella full of antioxidants, which are important to decrease inflammation and plaque from building in your arteries, and help deliver more blood flow to all areas of your body, including your genitals. Dr. Hoppe adds that there have also been some studies that suggest pomegranate juice may be helpful with erectile dysfunction (for that $8/bottle pricetag, it better, honestly).
Not only can it help you get in the mood, the resveratrol in red wine is a powerful antioxidant, which, again, helps decrease inflammation and helps quite literally get your blood pump
Not only have these been a symbol of fertility in art forever, they’re a prime source of beneficial fatty acids like omega-3, which, again, help with hormone production. Dr. Hoppe also adds that the aroma of almonds is purported to arouse passion in women
Vanilla doesn’t just smell sexy, Dr. Hoppe says it can also create an overall calming effect. No wonder all those late-night scoops of vanilla feel so damn good.
Besides conjuring up sexy memories of summer flings gone by, watermelon is also high in citruline, a phytonutrient, Dr. Hoppe says, that increases the amount of nitric acid in the body, which in turn increases blood flow, blood vessel relaxation, and sexual arousal.
TBT to ancient Greece, when Hippocrates used to prescribe honey for sexual vigor. This “liquid gold,” as Dr. Hoppe calls it, contains boron, which helps regulate hormone levels and nitric oxide (which helps increase blood flow during arousal). Nitric oxide also helps open up blood vessels involved in creating erections and clitoral engorgement
Similarly to chocolate, coffee’s caffeine increases stamina and can elevate mood (because who could be happy while struggling to keep their eyes open?). Dr. Hoppe also adds that coffee increases dopamine levels in the brain, the stuff that increases desire and pleasure.
While the legend says that strawberries originated from the heart-shaped tears of Aphrodite after she learned of her lover, Adonis’s death, modern-day strawberries are anything but a bummer. Dr. Hoppe says they’re loaded with vitamin C, which is important for the production of sex hormones and chemical neurotransmitters in the brain to increase libido. Plus, vitamin C can help keep your immune system up.
Another sexy fruit! Not only do they contain potassium and vitamin C, Dr. Hoppe explains that they also contain anthocyanins (the stuff responsible for giving them their red color), powerful antioxidants that reduce inflammation and help maintain a healthy sex drive.
Just kidding! If anyone says this, they’re a liar. Dr. Hoppe says there’s no evidence of its aphrodisiac qualities (sorry, Josh from freshman year, you were wrong!), although she does mention that the light creamy texture could make for some creative lovemaking scenarios. Either way, you do you
Future space missions aim to reach Mars and beyond, but many challenges must be overcome before this can be achieved – and nanomaterials will play a critical role. From bio-nano robot-laced spacesuits, to radiation shielding, to new means of travelling into space, research employing nanomaterials is underway.
At present, 95% of the weight of a spacecraft at launch is fuel, leaving only 5% for the craft itself, payload and astronauts. Launching – and manoeuvring in space – relies on a chemical propulsion. But is there an alternative?
Electric propulsion (EP) uses electrical power to accelerate the propellant and could significantly reduce the volume of the propellant required to get into space, offering a chance to increase the payload or decrease launch mass. NASA’s Deep Space 1 and the ESA’s SMART-1 launches successfully demonstrated EP as their primary propulsion system.
A nanotechnology EP concept could utilise electrostatically charged and accelerated nanoparticles as a propellant – such a method would consume less fuel than chemical rockets and utilise electricity gathered from solar cells to generate electrical fields that push ions away from the spacecraft. It would employ a microelectromechanical system (MEMS) to accelerate nanoparticles, helping to reduce the weight and complexity of the thrusters. Furthermore, millions on micron-sized nanoparticle thrusters could fit on a square centimetre, meaning highly scalable thruster arrays could be fabricated with the ability to vary the number of MEMS devices drawn on depending on the requirements of the spacecraft.
But there could be another way to get into space – a space elevator. Such a structure requires an incredibly long cable – approximately 90,000 km – and would need to be stronger than any cable found on Earth. Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) are a promising candidate. A CNT cable could be tethered to an asteroid in orbit and an anchor station on Earth while cars powered by solar cells travel up and down much like a vertical monorail. Many engineering challenges must be overcome before such an elevator could be established – namely how to get a 90,000km cable from A to B!
CNTs could also be used in lightweight sails that utilise the pressure of light reflecting on solar cells to propel spacecraft; this would negate the need to carry extra fuel for missions as only fuel for lift-off, docking and landing would be required. Such sails would need to be large yet light, and at present, how to unfold such a thin and fragile structure in space is proving challenging.
Protecting spacecraft and astronauts
NASA believes the risk of exposure to space radiation is the most significant issue restricting humans’ capacity for long-duration spaceflight. Nanotechnology could contribute to improving the spacecraft themselves, while also protecting both astronauts and equipment.
Nanotechnology could make spaceflight more practical: CNT composites could reduce the weight of spacecraft by providing a lightweight skin and internal structures while also maintaining or increasing structural strength. The future may also see self-healing spacecraft employing nanotechnology to repair damage sustained from meteors striking the craft, for example.
Multifunctional hulls are being designed that offer radiation protection and are low weight and structurally stable. Nanomaterials like boron nanotubes could be used in nanosensor-integrated hulls which, in addition to offering effective shielding and energy storage, could alert astronauts to stresses or damage in the spacecraft’s skin or improve onboard systems like life support by quickly reporting changes in levels of trace chemicals in the air.
Onboard electronic equipment also requires protection, and it’s been noted that electronic devices become more tolerant to radiation the smaller they are. Multi-quantum wells or dot devices are more radiation tolerant than larger, conventional devices. Quantum dots could be used in anti-satellite weapon countermeasures; a decoy of such dots of differing shapes and sizes engineered to emit radiation with a profile similar to that of the satellite could protect it from missile attacks.
Spacecraft and equipment aren’t the only things requiring protection – astronauts do too. Future spacesuits could feature layers of bio-nano robots which respond to damage in the suit, for example sealing a puncture in the outer layer. Robots in the inner layer could react if the astronaut is in trouble, providing drugs in a medical emergency for example.
There are still many other ways nanotechnology could help space travel – a network of nanosensors could explore large areas of planets like Mars for traces of water or other chemicals for example – but there many more challenges to overcome before we see some of these ideas launching into orbit.